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Nokia N810 and 770 Internet Tablets
Hardware Features

James F. Carter <>, 2006-03-24, updated 2008-03-15

This page is updated for the N810; the 770 is also described where significantly different. Link to official N810 hardware specification.


Mass 226 grams 8.0 ounces
Width 12.8 cm 5.0 inch
Height 7.2 cm 2.8 inch
Thickness 1.4 cm 0.55 inch
Screen Width 9.0 cm 3.5 inch 800 pixels
Screen Height 5.4 cm 2.1 inch 480 pixels
Screen Diagonal 10.5 cm 4.1 inch 226 dots/inch

The 770 is 16 grams lighter, and about 6 mm more where the screen cover is. The display is the same size.

The ITB fits comfortably in a person's pocket, although I would worry that it might fall out or be squashed. It is used in landscape orientation, while a typical PDA is portrait oriented. It is about the same width (height) as a conventional PDA, wider than a cell phone, but it is a little longer to accomodate the larger display. Buttons are at the left end -- it is designed for left handed operation, and it is feasible to read a web page or a PDF holding the ITB in your left hand while eating food with your right hand.

The ITB will not float if dropped in water, and has no features for water resistance.


N810 in Sun and Shade
N810 in full sunlight N810 in shadow (Click for full size)

This is the best display on any PDA available today.

In low light the N810's screen is lit through the front plastic panel by LEDs at the edge -- I believe it is the right edge, judging from slight variations in illumination. There is a sensor for ambient light in the upper left corner of the frame (avoid covering it with your thumb), and the lamp brightness is adjusted automatically. In this mode the viewing angle is at least 60 degrees from the surface normal in all directions, and the screen produces good 16-bit color. (The 770's brightness can be adjusted by a software control.)

However, unlike the 770 (and, I believe, the N800), the N810 has a transflective screen. In high light such as direct sunlight the lamp is shut off automatically and the screen modulates the ambient light. In this mode color is limited, though not absent, and white parts of the image come out as around 50% gray. Black image areas remain black, and text is perfectly readable. The viewing angle is 30 to 45 degrees horizontally and about 30 degrees down to 45 degrees up; in other words it's best to look at the display from a little above the surface normal.

While the white level of 50% gray is the theoretical maximum for a polarized screen, I tried the device indoors, i.e. with the lamp on, using polarized sunglasses, and there was little or no variation in screen brightness as a function of orientation. Either the polarization of the light is randomized on the way out (a likely strategem), or some non-polarizing technology is being used.

Comparing with the transflective display on the Palm Treo 650, I like the N810 better. The Treo 650 maintains full color in transflective mode, but each sub-pixel thus can reflect only its own color at 50% due to polarization, so the white image areas can be at most 17% gray, which is how the display looks to me. To my mind, it's a wise tradeoff to sacrifice color and maintain contrast. The ideal, of course, would be diffuse scattering with color selectivity through variable-pitch polarization rotation, but I imagine that's non-manufacturable at present.

When the display is off there are several ways to wake it up: if you open the keyboard it will unlock the machine and turn on the lamp, or it will wake if you press any key (not recommended except possibly for arrow keys), assuming the machine is unlocked. Specifically, sliding the lock key wakes the machine (hold it for a moment until the CPU gets around to checking the keys).

The screen brightness control on the N810 adjusts the brightness relative to the ambient light level, so you can't make it give you full brightness in a dark room, or minimum brightness in a bright environment. But if you lock the machine it will immediately set the brightness to minimum. I read text (journal articles) on my machine, so I have the brightness period set to the maximum, 2 minutes, and generally I'm able to finish a screenful of text in this time. I also have it set to turn off the display after 2 minutes, and to lock the machine. Thus, one click of the lock key will wake it up again, and when it's awake the display will shut off immediately if you slide the lock key. I've tried this mode for a while and I like it better than the default of going dim until a keypress or screen touch.

Link to product brief and specifications of the Epson S1D13745 Mobile Graphics Engine (display controller). These are gzipped PDF files. The controller includes acceleration for interpolating a low-res image to a bigger window. It has 1.28 Mb video RAM. Hardware window rotation (RandR). Gamma removal or gamma lookup table. Intrinsic pixel format is 8:8:8 (24-bit color) but it has dithering acceleration for 6:6:6 displays which likely is what the N-Series display actually can do. Typical power used: about 0.060 watts.

The N810 comes with a convenient pouch, which is more useful than the 770's bag (and people say it's also better than the N800's sock). If you carry it in a purse or backpack with sharp objects like keys or pens, you should put it in the pouch to avoid getting the display scratched up.


The stylus is flat, about 4 mm x 2 mm. It's fine for me, but one reviewer said that he likes the round stylus on his Palm much better. Lost stylii are a fact of life. Rather than saying use only a stylus approved by Nokia, the manual should describe exactly what meterials are compatible with the screen. I'm going to go to my local plastics store and buy 30 cm of Teflon® rod, from which I could cut a replacement stylus if needed.

The touch screen's cover feels like terephthalate, which is rugged, unlike the PVC front polarizer of typical laptop screens. It seems to be functional and safe to touch the screen with a fingernail, and the web browser and the PDF viewer will respond to such a touch by panning the display, very important when reading journal articles. However, with long use the screen does pick up scratches and roughness over areas frequently hit by the stylus. Expendable screen protectors are available for PDAs and I am using one on my new N810. It does reduce the touch screen's sensitivity, but even so, having two years of experience on the 770, I think I need to protect the screen.

Make a rule for yourself that the stylus is either in your hand or in its hole -- not on the table where you're sure to forget it when you leave. The N810 sales pack includes two stylii, one in the machine and one packed separately.


The N810 has a QWERTY keyboard, unlike the 770 and N800. The chassis is layered and the back section can be slid down revealing the keys. There are four rows of keys; each can produce three keysyms: lower case letter, upper case, and punctuation or digits. There are many symbols, including dollar, euro, pound and yen, but symbols needed by programmers such as pipe, brackets and braces are not available. The arrow keys take the form of a rectangle surrounding a central select button, and there is a dedicated menu button. All these are on the keyboard section, unlike on the 770 and N800 where they were on the front of the device. If you are holding the N810 in one hand to read something, you will want to have the keyboard open so you can reach the arrow keys.

I've found the keyboard to be less useful than I had hoped; I can enter text and data faster through the on-screen keyboard, the keys are too close together for multi-finger typing, and you have to press pretty hard to get the key to go down. I have a Stowaway Bluetooth keyboard by Think Outside, and I use it extensively when I need to do a lot of text editing on the ITB. However a person used to a Blackberry or to SMS text messages on a cellphone likely will consider this keyboard to be an improvement.


Memory use on N810:
Division Size In Use Comments
RAM 128 MByte 61 Mbyte When completely idle; see table below.
Main Flash 256 MByte (JFFS) 187 Mb Reported by Control Panel applet; see comments below. Includes 33 Mb of user-added software.
Internal 2 GByte 1.73 Gb The biggest memory hog is maps.
Mini-SD 1 GByte 6 Mb Removable, provided by user, up to 8 Gb.

Memory use on 770:
Division Size In Use Comments
RAM 64 MByte 54 Mbyte When completely idle; see table below.
Main Flash 128 MByte (JFFS) 8 Mb used by me,
44 Mb remaining
Reported by Control Panel applet; see comments below. The 8 Mb includes user-installed software.
RS-MMC 64 MByte -
2 GByte
772 Mb used,
183 Mb remaining
Removable. Nokia provides a 64 Mb card.

See here for what's on the 770's card. The N810 will be reorganized with generally similar material.

RAM usage is strange in Maemo: first, as in all virtual memory systems, readonly data such as executable code can be evicted from memory with no consequences except slowing down the program when it's brought in again. But Maemo is rumored to have a more radical feature such that compliant applications can jettison writeable data, such as rendered web pages, and rebuild them later. This table shows virtual memory usage under various loads, without a swap file. As you can see, memory is generally grossly overcommitted. However only a fraction of the executable code is used intensively and has to be in RAM; the rest is for initialization or rarely-used GUI functions, and can be mapped but absent from RAM. Units are megabytes.

For N810:
Programs Private Shared Free
No applications 31.3 30.6 66.1
Simple web page 61.5 42.1 24.4
Two complex web pages 80.0 42.2 5.8
Two pages + Ogg Vorbis audio 324.0 44.8 -240.8

The 256 Mb flash memory holds the kernel, initrd and operating system programs, in addition to user data. It uses the JFFS format, which is intrinsically compressed about 1.6 to 1. On the N810 the operating system comes to 141 Mb (JFFS compressed), including the kernel and initrd, or 234 Mb uncompressed.

For 770:
Programs Private Shared Free
No applications 36.5 18.0 9.5
Simple web page 45.9 23.6 -5.5
Two complex web pages 51.8 23.6 -11.4
Two pages + Ogg Vorbis audio 128.2 23.8 -87.8

On the 770 the operating system comes to 150 Mb and the kernel and initrd are probably about another 4 MB each.

There is one slot for a removable memory card. The N810 takes a mini-SD card up to 8 Gb; the 770 takes a RS-MMC card up to 2 Gb (a 64 MByte card is provided for the 770). The operating system is fixated on a VFAT filesystem on this card, probably so it can be manipulated by Microsoft Windows as USB generic storage. See here for a discussion.

Here is a measurement of the speed of the various memory types (on the 770). The test in RAM clearly is limited by program overhead; any RAM can go faster than that. But the file size was limited by the available space in /tmp. The write tests include syncing the blocks to the media; before the read tests over 64 Mb of data was read, to ensure that none of the written data was still in memory, and an irrelevant file was tested, to preload the libraries, which took about 0.3 secs. The test commands were:

Memory Size Write Read
Bytes Sec By/Sec Sec By/Sec
RAM (/tmp) 400k 0.077 5.3e6 0.063 6.5e6
Flash (/var/tmp) 10M 4.63 2.2e6 1.52 6.7e6
MMC (/media/mmc1) 10M 33.3 3.1e5 7.20 1.4e6

Here is a list of practical tasks and the speeds achieved:
Flashing root filesystem, USB 6.67e5 byte/sec
Copy to MMC via USB 0.43e5 byte/sec
SCP to MMC via wireless 2.84e5 byte/sec
Clear swap file on MMC with dd 3.20e5 byte/sec

On the Nokia 770 (but not the N800 and N810) a number of users including myself have reported mysterious memory corruption sometimes blamed (incorrectly) on a defective flash chip. Tilman Vogel tracked down an error which seems very much like what I'm seeing, in this bug report dated 2007-09-13. Apparently the WLAN driver writes two bytes of zero in a repeatable code-relative location. If they splatter onto the mbufs of an active file, such as a program file, it will seem to be corrupt, even though the instance in flash memory is OK. Let's watch for a fix . . . Yes, they came through! See here for the hotfix procedure.

Central Processing Unit

Feature N810 770
Processor (by Texas Instruments)
(with a link to TI's product page)
OMAP-2420 OMAP-1710
Speed, MHz 400 to 165 220
CPU Type ARM1136 ARM926TEJ
32 bit ARM9
Floating Point No (?) No
DSP TMS320C55x TMS320C55x
Memory Controller (SDRAM up to . . .) 1 Gb 128 Mb
Flash Programmer (?) NOR, 256 Mb
Flash Cards Dual SD/MMC/SDIO/Memory Stick (Same)
Compact Flash No (?) Yes (unused)
Graphics Controller 3D, 5Mb (unused) 2D accel
USB 2.0 OTG (client+host) 1.2 (client+host)
UARTs for: Bluetooth, TCS(cellphone), GPS/IrDA (Same)
802.11 WLAN Interface a/b/g b/g
Camera Interface Yes Yes
I2C Bus Controller 400 kHz Yes
JTAG Yes Yes

Hardware security features include:

From the product brocure: TI's security hardware also offers an ideal platform to address the security threats faced by phone manufacturers and carriers today such as preventing the loading of unauthorized software and protecting sensitive data such as the phone's identity.

The OMAP series are not open-source processors. They are off-catalog, and can only be purchased by OEMs who are going to buy over 10000 units per year. TI will not answer questions about them, even the most simple ones like does it have hardware floating point?


The N-Series have three possibilities for networking: 802.11b/g, Bluetooth and USB.

Maemo-4.0 Chinook acts like a cellphone, keeping communication daemons running but in a power-saving mode. You can individually suppress the 802.11bg (wi-fi) and 802.15 (Bluetooth) radios if not using those services, and there is an Offline Mode on the power menu which temporarily turns both of them off, e.g. for airplanes. The GPS receiver and its daemon also run whenever the mapper program does, but they turn off when the map is closed.

Even when the N810 appears to be asleep, you can connect to it over 802.11bg (and presumably Bluetooth), unlike the Nokia 770. (Occasionally it misses the first packet and you need to try the connection again.) I wonder how much this runs down the battery? It's hard to tell quantitatively because I use, and charge, my ITB daily, but my impression is that battery life in standby state is well over 100 hours, as it would be on a cellphone.

According to Samuel (post #9), the Nokia 770 has a Conexant CX3110x wireless chip. According to the Nokia product spec for the N810 a STLC4550 wireless controller is used.

The 802.11 family (with WEP) has been completely satisfactory for me, although I have not yet done any quantitative tests. I do have the impression that the Intel 2200BG chipset on my Dell Inspiron 6000d laptop has higher signal levels and can pick up weaker partners than the Nokia 770; I suspect also that the laptop has a better antenna and no hands near it. Other reviewers say that the Nokia 770's 802.11 is better than their various other hardware.

I caught the 770 in an interesting behavior. It had been sitting on the table for quite some time, but with the cover open, so it was in a medium sleep mode. I pinged it from another machine. The first packet was answered after 2.1 secs, the second one after 1.1 secs, the third after 0.1 secs, and subsequent packets took only 3.5 msec. My interpretation is that the ITB has a wake-on-WLAN feature. It took 2.1 seconds to wake up, but a small number of packets could be pipelined in the WLAN system, most likely at the sending end. (The N810 usually catches packets with no delay, whatever the sleep mode.)

I did find out that when you close the cover of the 770, putting the ITB into standby mode, it actively gives up its DHCP address, because upon opening the cover you have to authenticate again on a network which requires that.


Bluetooth is version 2.0 on the N810 and 1.2 on the 770. Bluetooth and 802.11 networking coexist with little or no interferences because the respective controllers keep each other informed and avoid transmitting when the other service needs to send or receive. These Bluetooth profiles are supported:

DUN Dial-Up Networking

Network through a cell phone. (On modern cell networks dialling is not involved.) I do not use this feature a lot, but I have a new Nokia 6126 cellphone that can do Bluetooth, and the N810 can pair with it, connect through it, and show my e-mail (with Pine). The 770 could also pair with a Motorola RAZR V3m, though I never actually attempted a data connection. Others, however, do cellphone networking extensively.

PAN Personal Area Network

This protocol is not (yet) in the official Maemo distro, but see this HOWTO (which is kind of old) for which packages you can compile or obtain to make it work, assuming your cellphone can handle it. People say that PAN is more efficient for higher-speed data communication. I have not actually tried it, though.

HID Human Interface Device Keyboard

On the 770 this requires the maemo-bt-plugin package, but the N810 supports it out of the box. For me this works as advertised with a Think Outside Stowaway keyboard. The effect is the same as if I were using the on-screen keyboard, except the whole screen is available.

HID Human Interface Device Mouse

I saw one report that someone had either made this work or was trying to get it to work.

HSP Headset Profile

This is 8000 Hz monophonic sound for voice chat. The N810 does HSP and HFP out of the box (confirmed by me), and I've seen a report that it can be made to work on the 770, though it was not in the distro as of Maemo-2.1.

A2DP Advanced Audio Distribution Profile

This is 44100 Hz stereo sound for listening to music. There is no (known) implementation for the 770. There are conflicting reports whether it is already available for the N810, or whether this is work in progress. Certainly I was not able to get it to work, and as this is written (2008-04-25) a Nokia developer is in fact working on A2DP on the ARM processor, which is not as easy as it seems.


The N810 has an internal GPS receiver, but the 770 needs to connect to an external one. There is more than one connection daemon that can be used, including the maemo-bt-plugin package used for the keyboard. I have not done this but others report that it works well.

OPP and FTP Object Exchange

There are several daemons (not in the distro) for the OPP or FTP profiles (OBEX) for sending or receiving images, v-cards, calendar items, or generic files to another PDA. But I haven't used any of them. None of the N-Series machines have IrDA.

With Bluetooth a common question is how to get devices paired up. Here are some notes on my experience.

Generic pairing procedure

External Keyboard

Mine is a Think Outside Stowaway Universal Bluetooth Keyboard. Configuration procedure:


Motorola HT-820 stereo phones supporting A2DP, AVRCP, HSP, HFP. Pairing was similar to the keyboard, except the phones have no keypad. You need to change the passcode to the generic low security value of 0000.

However, as of this writing, Maemo-4.0 does not have A2DP support, which would give stereo audio at 44100 Hz compressed with SBC (Sub-Band Codec). With A2DP one would use AVRCP (Audio Video Recorder Control Protocol) to pause, skip tracks, adjust volume, etc. But HSP (Headset Protocol) works: monophonic at 8000 Hz, accompanied by HFP (Hands Free Protocol) for controlling voice phone calls. The media player uses HSP if available, but this protocol is intended for telephony and does not yield an audiophile experience (not that A2DP/SBC does either).

New USB Port on the N810

There is a recent extension to the USB spec called USB On-The-Go (OTG). A single port, having a special connector called a Micro-AB receptacle, can act as either a host or a device. Nokia provides a cable with presumably a Micro-B (device) plug on one end and a standard A (host) plug on the other. A Mini-B plug will not fit.

Here is a blog posting about USB OTG host mode. Summarizing, instructions are given for modifying a micro-B client cable to become a host cable -- and in the comments, there is a reference to a vendor that sells a pre-made host cable. Alternatively, this alone (done as root) apparently is enough to make the machine switch roles:

echo "host" > /sys/devices/platform/musb_hdrc/mode
You will still need a female to female standard size USB adapter (many choices available on Amazon). The host controller can supply up to 100 mA, i.e. the minimum for one USB device. A powered device should do fine. In theory a powered hub should take care of this issue, but there are also comments that hubs may not be supported.

As for the types of devices that can be used, I have not yet experimented, but looking at what Maemo-4.0 provides, the set of client drivers is a lot less extensive than what you find in a desktop distro. The posting lists mass storage (discs and flash memory sticks), and wired Ethernet (specifically, Realtek RTL8150). On Maemo-2.0 you could also use USB-HID (mouse and keyboard). None of these drivers is provided as a module, and it's going to take some research to find out what capabilities really are hardwired in the kernel.

There are also reports of USB networking, but I don't know whether the kernel comes with that driver or whether you need to build it yourself. (In Maemo-4.0 there is a kernel module g_ether.ko whose name, compared with other behaviors of the operating system, suggests a relation to USB networking.) Since I have 802.11, I don't think I'll be investigating USB networking. See here for a link to an article about making a USB keyboard work on the 770.

USB Cable Behaviors on the 770

When you plug in the USB cable the MMC card is unmounted on the ITB and is made available as USB mass storage on the host. So use proper precautions, e.g. do not have files open or executables running that are on the MMC card. It's much more sanitary, and faster, to set up SSH and upload stuff that way via WLAN, but initially you need to get your public key into /root/.ssh/authorized_keys and USB is the easiest way to get it onto the ITB.

The USB is supposed to be client only; however, see here about the flasher, which can switch to USB host mode. You do, however, need some fancy cabling as well. The whole issue is discussed here by Thoughtfix. If you make this work, you can plug in a USB keyboard and the keycodes will be accepted same as if you used the on-screen keyboard.

When you flash a new filesystem, the flasher reports a data transfer rate over USB of 667 kbyte/sec.

Battery and Power Issues

Opening the Battery Cover (770)

As with any new device, you need to learn to open the battery cover. Push the D symbol at one side of the door. The hook that holds the door closed is attached to the D; you aren't trying to bend the door. Press sideways while the hook is released, and the door will slide about 1 mm away from the D. Then the far edge can be lifted revealing the battery box. Turn the battery with the circular logo on top and the contact pads toward the connector in the center of the machine -- the contacts are clearly off center so you can tell which side is up. Slide it into the contact end first, then press on the far end until it goes down flat. Set the cover flat on top of the battery with a 1 mm gap from the center edge, and slide it closed. Don't connect the hook first, or it won't close; press the D to get the hook loose.

Opening the Battery Cover (N810)

Lift the table stand and you will discover, in the center of the bottom edge, a latch that can be slid to the left. This releases the battery cover. Much simpler than on the 770.

Inside the Battery Box

There is a cutout in the battery box edge, away from the contacts, so you can pry the battery out to insert a spare one. On the 770 you can pry with your fingernail but it takes a fair amount of pressure. It's tempting to use the stylus, but I'm not going to chew it up that way. A key is more helpful. On the N810 the battery is a lot less tightly stuffed into the battery box; it can be inserted and removed easily.

Underneath the battery you will find the model number and MAC addresses, both WLAN (802.11b/g) and Bluetooth. Write down your WLAN MAC address because it is used as the device serial number when you communicate with Nokia, specifically when you download the flasher and the filesystem image.

Next to the battery box there is a cutout revealing nine bare pads on the motherboard. (Seven on N810 plus three big pads that look like for power.) This is obviously a maintenance connector: the male part will have little springy thingys that reach out and touch the pads. The bare metal hackers will want to investigate these -- likely they are for JTAG and/or a serial console. It would be very geek friendly if Nokia would sell the pre-made maintenance connector.

Power States

The ITB's power-off state is a little unfamiliar if you're used to Intel i386-type processors: it needs to be booted up in order to charge the battery. Here's a sample scenario: you're finished with your ITB for the day, and you turn off power. Then you plug in the charger. It again boots partway, lighting up the display temporarily. When eventually you disconnect the charger it will shut off again, or if you hit the power button it will finish booting. All power-related transitions take quite a while, like 10 seconds, as if the processor were in sleep mode most of the time.

I've found that the natural resting state for the ITB is standby, with the cover closed but powered on. This is similar to cell phones and other PDAs.

Battery Life in Actual Use (770)

In reviews, estimates of battery life vary widely, and the intensity of usage clearly makes a big difference. Nokia promises 3 hours, which is overconservative for a new battery but would be more accurate for a battery one to two years old. Reviewers generally quote 5 to 6 hours, and for a day of fairly active use I get similar life. Sitting on the table with the cover open but the lamp off, getting only occasional use, the ITB got down to 3 bars on the meter after about 12 hours; the total life is extrapolated to 18 hours. Nokia promises about 6 days of standby time with the cover closed.

Battery Life in Heavy Use

I finally ran my battery down! This is with the 1300 mAh second battery that I bought. I was using NTP and otherwise fairly frequently hacking stuff, so the ITB didn't have a chance to get into sleep mode. This went on for a little over 8 hours. It puts out a little chirp on the speaker and pops a message box when it thinks there's about 5 minutes of life left, and at the next action point it does a normal shutdown.

Battery Life Test #1

See this table for two tests in which the battery life was tested while playing music continuously. The life was 5.2 hours. In this test the average power was 0.9 watts or 250 mA at 3.7 volts.

Battery Life Test #2 (Torture Test)

My experience is that lithium ion batteries degrade with the mere passage of time, and after one year the capacity will be 2/3 or less, compared to the new battery. If the battery is charged and discharged daily it may (or may not) wear out faster. (Never buy equipment for which the battery is not field replaceable or cannot be procured.)

How do I know when my battery is worn out, beside vague feelings of inadequacy? My goal here is to over-use all aspects of the ITB so as to run down the battery in a reasonably short period of time, using a set of activities that can be standardized so the results will be comparable when done periodically in the future. Here are the activities, which were repeated over and over by a script, with no delay between:

The following table reports the date, which battery (1500 mAh OEM battery or 1300 mAh spare), and the times in hours to various meter readings.
Date Age Battery Hours until End
(days) 3 bars 2 bars 1 bars 0 bars
2006-04-23 38 A-1500 1.08 1.60 1.97 2.28 Died
2006-04-24 39 B-1300 1.43 1.75 2.10 2.12 Died
Between age 38 and 101, battery B got the most use, almost daily full discharge, while battery A was used relatively little.
2006-06-25 101 A-1500 1.17 1.58 1.97 2.27 Died
2006-06-25 101 B-1300 0.93 1.27 1.55 Died
Between age 101 and 162, battery B was kept in reserve while battery A was in the ITB and frequently discharged. By mistake the lamp was at half brightness, possibly explaining the longer than expected times here.
2006-08-25 162 A-1500 1.13 1.60 2.05 2.20 Stopped
2006-08-26 163 B-1300 1.10 1.58 1.82 1.87 Died
Between age 162 and 456, battery B was used daily and battery A was in reserve.
2007-04-01 456 A-1500 1.20 1.67 1.87 Stopped
2007-04-01 456 B-1300 1.11 1.35 1.53 Died

The bars on the meter do not go linearly, and depend radically on internal details of the particular battery. It looks like the meter cues on the voltage of the lithium ion battery, which varies only a little until the battery is nearly empty.

Battery Procurement (or lack thereof)

At present (2006-04-xx) it's impossible to buy a spare battery from Nokia -- even their customer service and tech support people didn't know how. Quite a number of vendors sell a pseudo-BP-5L battery with a capacity of 800 mAh, which is about half what the OEM battery holds, 1500 mAh. Only one vendor, Global Batteries, has a 1300 mAh version, which may also have been available in the past from Nokia, according to a cached page on Google. Actually there may be other outside vendors with the 1300 mAh battery, but this was the only one that my search keywords turned up.

Battery Comparison: ITB (770) vs. Laptop

Model Charge Voltage Energy Mass Ratio
Amp-Hr Volts Joules Grams Joule/gram
Nokia BP-5L 1.5 3.7 2.0e4 25 800
Dell U8465 7.2 11.1 2.88e5 470 612

Miscellaneous Battery Issues

A lithium ion battery normally charges 80% full in one hour, and is 99% charged after another hour.

The charger has a Velcro® wrapper for the cable. Credit to Nokia for specifying this. The charger is rated for 120 or 240 volts input, i.e. you can use it in Europe if you have a plug adapter. I really did use it in Europe and it survived.

With the cover turned to standby the 770 is in a very low power mode (claimed battery life of 6 days), and the top keys including the power key are disabled, so in a purse or backpack it won't be turned on accidentally. A sleeping N810 also disables its keys.


On the N810, I find it's most convenient to set the ITB to turn off the lamp and lock the keys at the same time. Go to Settings - Control Panel - Display. (This is not Device Lock.) Set Brightness Period and Switch Off Display to the same value and mark Lock Screen and Keys. To get out of lock mode you slide the lock button (top right key) to the left, which is unlikely to happen by accident.

On the 770, hit the power button briefly to get the device manager, and select Lock Screen and Keys. To get out of lock mode, hit (briefly) the power button and the enter button (center of the arrow keys). This mode is engaged automatically when the cover is put on the screen side, and with the cover in place you can't get out of it. Will lock mode put the machine into standby mode? Yes, the lamp is turned off.

There are two variants of the 770, the F4 and F5. Mine is a F5. Very likely the F4 is a pre-production or developer model.

Tidbits from dmesg: Device tahvo appears to be involved with USB communication with another machine, e.g. for accessing the memory card as USB storage, or for doing backups. Device retu includes at least the watchdog timer, and I think the GPIO as well. Features that go through GPIO include headphones (whether or not plugged in), cover (whether covering the screen, for standby), battery door, and the speaker. The machine also knows if the cover of the RS-MMC card is open, and the hotplug system won't mount it until the cover is closed.

/sys/devices/platform/wlan-omap/fw_version says that the WLAN firmware version is This directory has other useful stuff.

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